An Introduction to the 4Cs (As They Relate to Digital Tools)

The Four Cs of 21st century learning, also known as the Four Cs or 4 Cs, are four skills that have been identified as the most important skills required for 21st century education: critical thinking, communication, collaboration, and creativity.  They were established by the Partnership for 21st Century Learning (or P21), a non-profit coalition of national education leaders, business leaders and policy makers, and have been adopted into the curriculum.

An Introduction to TPACK

TPACK (Technologyical Pedagogical  and Content Knowledge) is the framework of knowledge that is required by teachers to integrate technology into their teaching.  It extends Shulman’s idea of Pedagogical Content Knowledge.


An Introduction to SAMR


Have you heard of the SAMR model?  This model was developed by Dr. Puentedura and is used by millions of teachers to evaluate how they are incorporating technology into the classroom.  Is technology serving as a “S” (substitution), “A” (augmentation), “M” (modification), or  “R” (redefinition) of traditional methods?

While this model started out as a “ladder” (with Redefinition considered to be the highest goal of every lesson), many teachers now think of the SAMR model as a “pool” because various lessons “float” between the SAMRs.

Jenny Medeiros and Julie Cook present these SAMR examples in various subjects and student engagement